Sergio Cortes Explains The Zika Virus

First sign of the Zika virus was in the 1940s in African countries such as Sierra Leone, Uganda and Tanzania. Throughout the years the deadly virus has spread to other continents like Asia. Affecting those in India and Thailand.
Recent discoveries in 2015 of the virus having attacked those in South America caused the WHO (World Health Organization) to send out warnings about the disease and the possible impact it could have on the future generations. The first case of the Zika virus during April 2015 in Brazil. There has been a continuous increase of cases since then but Dr. Cortes says that the disease’s symptoms are not that serious and that there is a cure so the disease is manageable. He also states that what has doctors extremely worried is that the Zika virus has links to microcephaly and possibly Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Dr. Sergio Cortes says that Guillain-Barré syndrome is a very serious neurological and auto immune disease. The link between Guillain-Barré syndrome and the Zika virus was discovered in August by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. They came to this conclusion when they noticed that areas with severe microcephaly had also been hit with outbreaks of the Zika virus.

The Zika virus is not contagious so it cannot be transmitted from one person to another. However, it can be transmitted through a mosquito. These mosquito bites are also cause for dengue fever and the chikungunya virus. Dr. Cortes states that even though the Zika virus is completely manageable and curable the cause for such outbreaks is because a mosquito bites someone who has the Zika virus and thus becomes contaminated and creates a chain reaction of infected that makes it difficult to get under control.

This specific mosquito, the Aedes aegypti, will lay its eggs in clean water so any location with standing water is a prime breeding ground. Dr. Cortes points out that even bottle caps filled with water would be good breeding grounds for this type of mosquito.
He also states that even though any type or body of water will do that the Aedes aegypti’s eggs will adapt to any climate they are given. He cites a recent study that shows the Aedes aegypti’s eggs laying dormant in a dry area for up to a year before coming into contact with any water.

Symptoms of the Zika virus are mild and can disappear within a week of no medication. Dr. Cortes says that symptoms always vary from person to person but that they are usually fever, rash, and muscle aches. Since the virus is new there is no sure way to tell or identify any patterns to the disease. All diagnosing must be done through a thorough exam at either the Evandro Chagas Institute or one of the three Fiocruz units. Dr. Cortes is adamant about seeking a doctor even if the symptoms are mild or hardly show.

There is no specific treatment to cure the disease, only to alleviate the symptoms present. People who have been infected can use anti-inflammatory and pain killers (under observation). Dr. Cortes mentions that aspirin should be avoided since it has a acetylsalicylic acid that acts as an anticoagulant and this may prove deadly should the person start bleeding.

Dr. Cortes and the Ministry of Health of Brazil are taking extreme caution when it comes to pregnant women. They are advising them of the severe possibility of microcephaly should they come in contact with the Zika virus. They are advising pregnant women or women who are trying to become pregnant to avoid certain areas at certain times of the day and avoiding specific places that might be heavily populated with mosquitoes. They also ask that women use repellants, mosquito nets, and try to wear clothes that cover most of the body.

Dr. Cortes also advises that prenatal monitoring should be sought after at the fourth month of pregnancy and that prenatal care helps reduce the risk of contracting the Zika virus.

Dr. Cortes has confirmed that Brazil is undergoing an epidemic of the Zika virus as of early 2015. The Ministry of Health and the WHO are working closely together to find out more about the disease. Northeastern side of Brazil has been the most highly affected by the Zika virus. They have already one infant fall victim to microcephaly and two adults. There are more than 1200 cases of Zika virus infection spanning 300 cities.

The Minitsry of Health is working on how the virus affects the fetus while still in the womb. Once there is more known about the virus it will be very possible to create a cure that can save fetuses affected in utero. Dr. Cortes reminds us that while there is no cure it is best to stay away from standing areas of water and educate family and friends about symptoms of the virus.

While on the hunt for a cure for the Zika virus prevention is key. If outdoors, stay away from any stagnant bodies of water. Indoors, immediately remove any still bodies of water, use protective screens on windows and doors. If there are mosquitos found in an area that you have no access to then Dr. Cortes suggests contacting the Municipal Health Department.

You can read Dr. Sergio Cortes’ published article here. You can also follow him on LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter.

Dr. Sergio Cortes Visits Xerem as he Elucidates on the Zika Virus

Sergio Cortes, the state health secretary, was in Xerem, Duque de Caxias. He was surveying the parts affected by floods and camps accommodating the municipal population. The state government was running a dengue hydration center at the Xerem hospital that had been in operation for some time. The dengue hydration center had a capacity to cater for 300 people in a day. According to Sergio Cortes, it was preventative step by the department of health to help the municipality from dengue mosquito proliferation due to the huge chunks of garbage that had accumulated in the city.
Sergio Cortes held a meeting with Atanews and Camillo Junqueira, the municipal health secretary and Conception Mendoca, the coordinator of the National Health Force. In the meeting, it was agreed that the state should deliver a second Calamity kit and 3000 antibiotics tablets to counter leptospirosis. All the steps that were taken by State Department of Health and the Epidemiological Surveillance teams in the region were aimed at preventing the outbreak of diseases arising from contaminated water like hepatitis A, leptospirosis, and diarrhea.
The initial batch of samples collected in the area by the Health Surveillance Secretariat of the state was not satisfying according to the Central Laboratory Noel Nutels. As a result, teams disinfected the water on a daily basis with the Department of Health recommending all the people to do the same. The government delivered 10,000 bottles of sodium hydrochlorite to Caxias. The people in the camps were advised to use bottled water for drinking and food preparation. Sergio Cortes urged those donating to Xerem to include bottled water. This information as published on Extra as highlighted in the link below
Recently, Sergio Cortes discussed on niteroi about the appropriate clothing for summer, a period associated with high temperatures and a lot of sweating. The heat causes people to sweat at high rates leaving them uncomfortable. For this reason, the medical expert talks about the right clothes to wear to avert sweating during summer. Sergio Cortes recommends light colored clothes that fit well. He adds that dark colored and tight clothes retain more heat and do not give the skin enough room to breathe. This information was originally mentioned on Sergio Cortes’ Website as elaborated in the following link
The outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil has left many people confused. Recently, Dr. Sergio Cortes explained about the disease, its symptoms and ways of treating the disease. According to him, Zika first emerged in the African continent in countries such as Tanzania in the 40s before spreading to other countries. Zika started to spread in Latin America in 2015. The symptoms of the disease include fever and muscle aches. Its treatment is symptomatic meaning that there is no specific treatment for the disease. This information was originally published on as posited on the link below